Today I will speak of Oxyacantha Crataegus or Monogyna better known as hawthorn, a shrub native to the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere able to calm us in moments of nervousness.
From this plant the inflorescences are called, called corimbos and that they can present / display a few leaves in the base.
- Flavonoids (hyperoxides, vitexin, luteolin, rutin, quercetin, apigenin);
- Proanthocyanidins, procyanidins, leucoantocyanidins …;
- Pentacyclic triterpene acids (ursolic acrylate, acrylate, acanolic, acantholic, ac neothegolic …);
- Phenolcarboxylic acids;
More in detail, anthocyanins appear to act by increasing the permeability of cell membranes to calcium ions and increasing the intracellular concentrations of cyclic AMP. All this is reflected by a reduction in spasm of the coronary arteries, an increase in blood flow and strength of myocardial contractility, and a reduction in peripheral vascular resistance. While in high doses, they exert a sedative effect.
The flavonoids are antioxidants and are able to inhibit platelet aggregation. In addition they also possess some antimicrobial, antiviral and cytotoxic activity.
White hawthorn infusion
The use of hawthorn has been officially approved for the treatment of mild cardiovascular disorders (classification made by class NYHA II, New York Heart Association), characterized by a decrease in cardiac output. This study involved 209 people with congestive heart failure. They were given white hawthorn of 900mg, to another 1800 mg and to others it was placebo (it did not have hawthorn). After 4 months of treatment it was possible to see that the people who had taken the hawthorn presented more satisfactory results than those who did not take it. That is, they did not have as many symptoms and were able to exercise (in high doses). At lower doses they had fewer symptoms but when it came to exercise, it cost them as before the study.
The hydroalcoholic extract of hawthorn is known for its protective action of the blood vessels and for being cardio-sedative. It acts by reducing the phenomena related to sympathicotonia and increasing the vagotonic state. In other words, thanks to its flavonoid content the heart beats are regulated and blood flow increases in the coronary arteries and myocardium. That is why it is said that it acts in front of the palpitations and in states of nervousness. I also recommend reading Foods that help you calm anxiety.
In fact, this extract is often used in cases of mild heart failure, to treat problems of tachycardia and anxiety, in neurovegetative imbalances or when we feel feeling oppression in the heart. It is also useful for mild forms of bradycardic arrhythmias and for hypertension. The antihypertensive properties of the plant are attributed to flavonoids and proanthocyanidins, which have the ability to inhibit ACE enzyme.
And that’s not all; it also has anxiolytic effects and is therefore useful in conditions of nervousness and hyperexcitability. This could be said that it is one of its most known properties and so it is usually used more although as we see this plant can do many more things for us … I recommend reading the article 20 keys to live without anxiety.
I would also like to highlight its antioxidant, lipid-lowering and anti-atherosclerotic properties with a more evident effect on low (LDL) and very low-density (VLDL) proteins, which present an atherogenic risk. They are responsible for obstructing the veins.
Of course, before encouraging you to take anything you always have to ask about your particular case and the dose you would need according to your disorder. Usually the dosage used is 30 drops two or three times a day but will depend on the manufacturer and the problem to be treated. Each case is a world and each world a treatment. When hawthorn is used in the form of extract, it is generally recommended to take 160 to 900 mg of product per day, administered in divided doses. And the duration of treatment should not exceed six weeks. But I repeat, the doses and times should be always marked by the doctor. They are only orientative data.
In some cases you may experience side effects such as palpitations, tachycardia, dizziness, headache, flushing, wheezing, gastrointestinal upset and flatulence.
By its mechanism of action, hawthorn can increase the activity of inotropic and hypo-intensive drugs influencing the pressure so much care must be taken with this. What’s more, hawthorn interacts with certain medications with which it should never be associated. These medicines are:
Antiplatelet agents may increase the risk of bleeding.
Cardiac glycosides, since hawthorn may increase activity.
This plant acts through a mechanism of action attributed to Class III antiarrhythmics.
There is no evidence of the product during pregnancy and breastfeeding so it is best to avoid it during these periods of life.
It is not recommended for children under 12 years.