Psoriasis is a skin disease that affects the life cycle of cutaneous cells. It causes the cells to accumulate on the surface of the skin to form scales and red and dry canines that can be painful.
Psoriasis is a chronic disease with periods in which the symptoms improve or are reduced and periods in which the symptoms are aggravated. For some people it is only a nuisance, but for others, it becomes a disease that becomes incapacitating when it appears associated with arthritis.
There is currently no cure for psoriasis, but treatments can offer great benefits. The consumption of cortisone and exposing the skin to small amounts of natural light are some of the remedies that bring greater benefits.
The most common symptoms are:
- Red spots on the skin covered with silver scales
- Small and scaly spots (common in children)
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
- Itching, burning or pain
- Thickening of the nails
- Swollen, stiff joints
Psoriasis can appear in different areas of the body:
- Psoriasis in the form of layers
- Psoriasis on the nails
- Psoriasis on the scalp
- Psoriasis of the skin in the form of eruptions
- Reverse psoriasis, which appears in armpits, English, under the breasts and around the genitals
- Erythrodermic psoriasis
- Psoriasic arthritis
There are several types of treatments against psoriasis; the most common are called topical, which consist of applying to the skin of creams that reduce the symptoms of the disease. In certain circumstances, the treatment of psoriasis requires the use of oral medications or light therapy.
On the one hand, the treatment aims to interrupt the cycle that causes an increase in the production of skin cells, thus reducing inflation and plaque formation. On the other hand it is the removal of the scales and the healing of the skin. These goals are achieved by applying three types of treatments: topical treatments, phototherapy and the use of medications.
Topical treatment involves the application of creams to the skin to treat mild or moderate psoriasis. When the disease is more severe, the creams are usually combined with oral medications or with light therapy.
Light therapy or phototherapy uses natural or artificial ultraviolet light. It is the simplest and easiest way to treat psoriasis and consists of exposing the skin to controlled amounts of natural sunlight. Other forms of light therapy include the use of artificial ultraviolet light A (UVA) or ultraviolet light B (UVB) either alone or in combination with medications.
Treatment with oral or intravenous medications is used when psoriasis is very severe and persistent and it also resists other treatments. In this case, the doctor may decide to prescribe a medication. Because of the serious side effects, some of these medications are only used for brief periods of time, and it is normal to alternate with other forms of treatment.
Although certain “home” care will not cure psoriasis, it can help improve the appearance and feel of damaged skin. Thus daily baths, use of moisturizer, covering the affected areas at night, exposing the skin to small amounts of ultraviolet light or a healthy diet can make it sensitive to the symptoms of psoriasis.